Addition Game!

Children learn numbers to represent quantities and to solve quantitative problems. Some pre-skills needful for learning addition include counting, one-to-one correspondence, the concepts of part-while relationship, number bonds, and perhaps recognition of small quantities by sight and grouping objects together.

Learning how to add is an important milestone in a child’s math development. Children develop different strategies to learn how to add- like working with combining small quantities together, using concrete objects to help them count the total number and model approaches.

It is important that your child is ready for such addition concepts. Follow your child’s interest in numbers, and concretise the learning with pictures, visual aids and hands-on materials!

I knew my girl was ready when she came home one day and told me she wants to add using counters. I was delighted she initiated that! A good guess will be she has been using these Montessori materials in her preschool. Using concrete materials to learn is ingrained in them from early exposure to Montessori approach to learning. Visualising the addition process for a Montessori learner is effortless and engaging!

For this hands-on activity, you simply can gather some materials from home:
1. writing board or writing paper
2. Small objects like chips, counters, macaroni, poms poms, or pebbles.
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3. Number dice or number spinners
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To play this game, just ask your child to roll the dice or spin a number.
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Then ask your child to write out the addition sentence using the two numbers.
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Represent the two numbers using the small objects.
Then model the process of addition by counting all the objects represented.
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Complete the addition sentence by writing in the total quantity.
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Some educational videos also make learning fun!
click on the links below!


Learning how to add can be fun and interactive!!

10 Playful Ways To Learn Addition & Number Bonds!

Number Bonds and Addition

Number bonds and addition are building blocks to the basic concepts of Math. Learning to count is probably one of the first Math skill children acquire, and through that they understand relationships of quantities and their relationships to other numbers. Addition is one important application of this understanding. Children at young age need not memorise addition to master the concept of addition. They simply need a lot of manipulatives and concrete materials coupled with ‘acting out’ the process of adding to help them count summative quantities. This skill lays the foundation for mastering more complex Math concepts such as subtraction, multiplication.

We have come up with 10 playful ways to learn number bonds and addition, effortlessly and with lots of fun!!

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1.   Muffin cupcakes/ paper cups, and ice-cream sticks.

Get creative and make this concrete number-bond game. To reinforce part-whole relationship, simply write “part” and “whole” on the paper cups. Then place different number of pebbles, lego blocks, marbles or beans into each part. Transfer both amounts to the “whole” cup to show the process of adding the two parts to make whole. You can ask your child to make the addition statement: 3 and 5 make 8

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2.   Rock Dominoes

You can go for a garden walk with your child and pick up these lovely stone pebbles. Simply use correction ink or permanent white pen to draw 2 quantities of dots with a dividing line on the pebbles. Create different number combinations. Write number bonds and addition sentences with each number combination.

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Addition Sentence

3     +       4    =      7

 

3. Number Dices in a Jar

Simply put 2 dices in a jar, give it a shake and you will have two numbers to make a number bond and write an addition sentence!

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4.   Fish crackers

Use two small bowls or paper plates. Have your child put different number of fish crackers or biscuits. Write out the number bond and addition sentence with the numbers. The best part about this activity is eating them up!!

Fish crackers on a bar chart!

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 5.   Clothes pins and Ice-cream sticks!

Simply write different numbers on the clothespins and create different addition sentence. Your child can practice learning how to add numbers!

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6.   Lego Blocks

Write some numbers with addition symbols and ask your child to create addition sentences!

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7. Ice-cream sticks and Dot stickers

Simply stick stickets dots on ice-cream sticks, choose two sticks and add the two numbers! The fast learners can learn to make mental addition and make it into a game!

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8. Clothes hanger and Clothes pegs!

I saw this idea on the internet and it is really a cool way to learn addition! This home material is easily available and your child can also hone their fine motor skills by hanging the pegs on the hanger. Your child can come up with 2 different quantities to add!

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9. Paper Rolls

Just cut up a toilet paper roll and write two numbers and create a whole lot of them. Ask your child to stack up two numbers on top of each other, and add!

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10. Play dough and Buttons!

Play dough time is fun when your child gets to press buttons on it! Just ask your child to add up two quantities of buttons! 🙂

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Rock Dominoes- Addition & Number bonds

Following our post on the Dot Method to perceive quantity by sight, I stumbled upon this idea of making Rock Dominoes in a Martha Stewart Craft site, and I straightway started brewing ideas on how to use these lovely handmade rock dominoes to teach Math.

Making the rock dominoes is easy! Just collect some rocks or smooth pebbles, and use a correction ink pen to inscribe the dots on the rocks.

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Make a collection of rocks, with combinations of two quantities on either half of the rocks, with a dividing line. Get your child to recognise the quantity by sight. If your child is not sure, you can get them to check by counting the dots one by one on each side.

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To get your child to learn number bonds, ask your child to identify the two quantities on the rock. Then pair them up with the dot cards according to the exact quantities on the rock.

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Then ask your child to count all the dots on the two dot cards, to give you a sum total. You can prompt your child by asking ” How many dots are there altogether?”

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To conclude this practice, make number bonds statements like ” 3 and 4 make 7″, or addition sentence ” 3 plus 4 equals 7″. For older children, get them to write down the addition sentence 3 +4 =7

The rock dominoes and the dot cards are great visual aids to help your child grasp concepts of number bonds and addition. This approach also helps your child to understand the part-whole relationship in addition concepts.

Now go and rock it! 🙂